AMHEOS > Objectives

Project Objectives

O1. Development of a functional Medium Orbit Observer.
SO1.1. Re-configuration and development of existing research infrastructure for MEO observations.
SO1.2. Calibration of the new sensorial systems.
SO1.3. Development of the software tools for detection and measurement of the MEO objects.

The end result of Objective 1 will be a limited, but functional experimental system for medium orbit observation, which, developed early in the project’s time span, will provide the basis for future developments.

O2. Development of a Higher Orbit and Geostationary Orbit Observation System.
SO2.1. Set up of new high accuracy optical systems
SO2.2 – Automatic system for synchronized acquisition of stereo images from far apart locations
SO2.3 – Calibration of the very long range stereo system
SO2.4. Development of stereovision software tools for high range measurement

The end result of Objective 2 will be a high accuracy high orbit observation system, consisting of state of the art cameras and optical systems, employing a robust technical solution for precise synchronization of cameras set geographically far apart. The resulted synchronization device is also one of the project’s end products, having multiple applications outside of the project’s scope, and with the possibility of becoming a commercial product in itself. The camera calibration methodology will be original and robust, supported by a software product, which will be general and adaptable for multiple observation problems, a product which will be of interest for companies and research institutions involved in orbital observations. The acquired images will be processed using an original algorithm for automatic detection and measurement of high orbit objects from synchronized images, algorithm which will be delivered as a software product.

O3. Development of an automated, high accuracy Medium and High Orbit Observer.
SO3.1 – Automatic detection and 3D reconstruction of high orbit objects
SO3.2 – Orbit TLE iterative estimation and propagation
SO3.3. Acquisition of observation data, testing and optimization
The end result of Objective 3 will be an automated, high accuracy observation and processing system which will be capable of carrying out accurate measurements concerning MEO and HEO objects. The accuracy and time optimized algorithms for automatic detection and measurement based on stereovision, and the model-based orbit parameter propagation system will be delivered as software products.

O4. Testing, validation, analysis and dissemination.
SO4.1. Analysis of the system’s performance, estimation of the instrument specifications and limitations
Based on multiple observations, in different observation conditions, using known targets whose orbital parameters may be considered a reliable reference, the performance parameters for the entire system (including the optical, hardware and software components) will be assessed, and a detailed datasheet will be produced.
SO4.2. Result dissemination
The research results will be disseminated in multiple scientific papers, which will be sent for publication in peer reviewed journals and in relevant conference proceedings. The work towards achieving this objective will start as soon as the results are relevant, and will continue for the whole duration of the project, and possibly beyond.

The end result of Objective 4 , and of the project itself, will consist of a highly accurate, optimized and robust observation system for medium and high orbits, consisting of ground observation stations (telescope, tracking-capable mount, camera, synchronization system), central data processing unit, and software tools for automatic calibration, target detection, measurement, and parameter propagation. A full set of specifications including accuracy for various distances, lighting requirements, temperature ranges, working range, will be included in a detailed product datasheet. High quality scientific papers, describing the technological and scientific achievements of the three-year research activity, will also be part of the project’s results.